The Krisan Settlement was established in 1996 following an influx of Liberian refugees fleeing conflict. Following the closure of Klikor Camp in Volta Region, Togolese refugees were relocated from the Volta Region in 1997 and 1998 to Krisan. From 2000 to 2002, Sierra Leoneans fleeing conflict in their home country were also sent to Krisan.
Krisan is also home to Sudanese refugees who began arriving in Ghana from late 2004 and a mixed range of other nationalities, including Congolese (DRC and Congo Brazzaville), Rwandese and Chadians. Thus the settlement serves as home for several mixed nationalities who have been forced to flee their country as a result of war, persecution or violence.
As with all camps in Ghana, the Krisan Settlement is managed by the National Disaster Management Organization (NADMO) staff seconded to the Ghana Refugee Board
Krisan is a remote, rural community located approximately 48 Kilometers from the Ghana-Ivory Coast border town of Elubo. It is situated in the Ellembelle District of the Western Region of Ghana about 2 kilometers from Eikwe, and a kilometer away from Sanzule. Krisan has an estimated population of 1,500 people majority of whom are of the Nzema tribe. The people of Krisan are ruled by a chief, but they are under the jurisdiction of the Atuabo Paramouncy.
Krisan has a community school, but does not have a health center therefore they have to rely on the Saint Martin De Porres Catholic Hospital located in nearby Eikwe.
The residents of Krisan are mainly farmers, with raffia being the major crop of economic importance. In recent times, the ongoing Ghana Gas Pipeline Project has injected a lot of alternative employment and economic activities in this area. The people of Krisan are very hospitable, and have been living in peace with the refugees in the Krisan settlement since 1996.
The settlement has a community school and a health post as well as a police station built by the UNHCR which benefit the refugee community as well as the people of Krisan at large.
The Ampain Refugee Camp
Ampain Refugee Camp was established on 19th March, 2011. It is located in the Ellembelle District of the Western Region of Ghana. It was the first of three camps established to shelter displaced Ivoirians fleeing hostilities following the November 2010 presidential elections in Cote d’Ivoire.
The current population of the camp is made up primarily of Ivorian Nationals with just about one percent of the population being other nationals who were in Cote d’Ivoire at the time of the crisis.
Administratively, Ampain is divided into A & B with each area having 45% and 55% of the population respectively.
As with all camps in Ghana, the Ampain Camp is managed by the National Disaster Management Organization (NADMO) staff seconded to the Ghana Refugee Board.
The camp has a police post with Officers from the Ghana Police Service who manage it as well as a fire station. The security situation in the camp is mostly calm. A refugee Neighborhood Watch Team (NEWAT) supports the Police in ensuring security in the camp.
Ampain is located approximately 57 kilometers from the Ghana-Ivory Coast border town of Elubo. It is situated in the Ellembelle District of the Western Region of Ghana; about 7 kilometers from Esiama, and 2 kilometers from Kamgbuli. It has an estimated population of 1,100 people with majority being of the Nzema tribe. The people of Ampain are ruled by a Chief, Nana Nyameke Fofole II, an educationist by profession.
Ampain has a community school, comprising of a Daycare, Primary and Junior High School. With the support of donors and Partners, UNHCR has built a primary school in the camp. With integration of UNHCR activities into national systems, the school is now serving not only the refugees but children from the Ampain Community and surrounding areas. Teachers are assigned by the Ghana Education Service and the school benefits from the national school feeding program.
(insert photo of Ampain sch here. Caption: Ampain D/A School built by UNHCR. Photo credit: UNHCR/S. Adatsi)
The Community did not have a health center, so Ampain residents accessed healthcare services from the Esiama and Kamgbuli health centers, with major cases sent to the St. Martin De Porres Hospital in Eikwe, approximately 13 Kilometers away. However, with the integration of UNHCR health services into national systems which started in 2016, a health facility built by UNHCR and Partners which is located in the Camp is now managed by the Ghana Health Service and serves not just the refugees but the people of Ampain and surrounding communities. The existence of a financial risk protection system (NHIS) which is part of the integration program has improved access and utilization of health services.
(insert photo of Ampain clinic here. Caption: Ampain Health Center located in the Camp. Photo credit: UNHCR/S. Adatsi)
(insert photo of Ampain quarters for police here. Caption: Quarters built by UNHCR for Police, Teachers and Nurses in Ampain. Photo credit: UNHCR/S. Adatsi)
The local population is traditionally fisher folk and small holder farmers, with rubber and cassava being the major crops of economic importance. In recent times however, the Ghana Gas Pipeline and ongoing road construction projects have injected a lot of alternative employment and economic activities in this area. These projects, coupled with the presence of several pockets of small scale mining activities have led to an increase in standard of living, especially rent in the vicinity.